(Member of the ICJ since 6 February 2009)
Born in Eyl, Somalia, 12 September 1948.
Docteur ès sciences politiques (International Law), Graduate Institute of International
Studies, University of Geneva (1980).
Laurea di Dottore in Giurisprudenza (Dr. Juris), Faculty of Law, Somali National University
Certificate, Centre for Studies and Research in International Law, Hague Academy of
International Law (1974).
Post-Graduate studies in International Law and Relations, University of Florence, Italy
Experience in intergovernmental institutions
Judge ad hoc at the International Court of Justice in the case concerning Certain Questions of
Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Djibouti v. France).
- Legal Adviser and Director of the Office of International Standards and Legal Affairs
(March 2001-January 2009).
- Assistant Director-General and Special Adviser on African Affairs (March 1998-February
2001). Acting Managing Director, Country Programmes and Funds Mobilization Division
(August 1997-March 1998).
- Legal Adviser and Director of the Legal Service (August 1994-March 1998).
- Representative and Head, New York Office of UNCTAD (July 1992-July 1994). Senior
Liaison Officer, United Nations Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries,
New York (1992-1994).
- Head, Legal Policies Section, Trade & Technology Programme, Geneva (July 1988-June
1992). Legal Officer, Technology Division, Geneva (December 1981-June 1988).
-Liaison Officer in the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and
Adviser to the Commander of the United Nations peacekeeping forces (May-June 1989);
Deputy Regional Director and Electoral Supervisor (Ovambo, Namibia) (August-December
Experience in multilateral negotiations (as Government representative)
Somali representative to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1975-
1981). Somali delegate to the Afro-Asian Legal Consultative Committee (1975 and 1976).
Member, Somali delegation to OAU Summit conferences (1974).
Adviser to multilateral negotiations and organs (as international
Expert Adviser, UNCTAD negotiations on a Draft International Code of Conduct on the
Transfer of Technology (1982-1985). Expert Adviser at the United Nations negotiations on
Convention on Biological Diversity (1990-1991). Expert Adviser and UNCTAD
Representative at the GATT Uruguay Round Trade Negotiations on TRIPS (1989-1991).
Legal Adviser to the Industrial Development Board and General Conference of UNIDO
(1994-1998). Legal Adviser to the International Center for Genetic Engineering and
Biotechnology (Trieste, Italy) (1994-1997). Legal Adviser to the Executive Board and
General Conference of UNESCO (2001-2009). Legal Adviser to the UNESCO
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Committee and to the World Heritage Committee (2001-
2009). Legal Adviser to UNESCO negotiations on the following conventions: Convention on
the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, Convention for the Safeguarding of
Intangible Cultural Heritage, International Convention against Doping in Sport, Convention
on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression (2001-2006).